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Joxantonio Ormazabal (1948–2010) was a Basque and Spanish author of primarily children's literature in the Basque language. He also published under the pen name of Joxean.

Joxantonio Ormazabal
BornJoxantonio Ormazabal Berasategi
1948
Zegama, Spain
Died2 May 2010(2010-05-02) (aged 61–62)
Zegama, Spain

Early life


Joxantonio Ormazabal was born in 1948[1] to a Basque family in Zegama, a part of the Basque Autonomous Community of Spain. At the age of 12, he joined a seminary in Saturrarán, and later studied at a seminary in San Sebastián. He later left the seminary to become a teacher. In an interview with Argia magazine in 2009, he stated, "I do not remember reading tales. My mother told me stories. I remember the characters of Peru and María, but I did not grow up among books."[2]


Career


At the age of 23, Ormazabal became a teacher at a private school called Salbatore Mitxelena Ikastola in Zarautz. He worked with authors such as Anjel Lertxundi [es], Mariasun Landa, and Juan Martin Elexpuru. His first book was published under the pen name "Joxean". While working as a teacher, Ormazabal composed the lyrics of songs by Imanol Urbieta, such as Astoa ikusi nuen, Azokan, and Tximeleta mendian.[2]

Ormazabal later taught at Alkartasuna High School in Beasain.[citation needed][3]

Ormazabal left teaching and became an editor at Elkarlanean Publishing House in 1981, where he worked in the field of children's and young people's literary collections as well as textbooks.[4] He published his first work, Fernando Smezketarra.[5] In addition to writing, Ormazabal was responsible for the children and youth departments at Elkar Publishing House until his supposed retirement in 2009.[citation needed] He continued his work in children's literature by editing and occasionally translating important works.[6]

Ormazabal's prose work focused on humor and fantasy. Also, Ormazabal published works tackling topics such as freedom (Kaiolatik Mendira, 1986), poverty, and discrimination (Kittano, 1995), relations between grandparents and grandchildren (Aitona parapentean, 2004), and ecology (Txoria zezenaren adar gainean, 1999).

Poetry played a prominent role in Ormazabal's body of work. He was a finalist in the Euskadi Literary Prize for Children and Youth Literature in 2008 for the poem 'Ilunorduak eta Argilaurdenak' (2007).

Ormazabal's titles include Zirkua amets (2009), Kaskarintxo (1983), Margolin (1983), Pernando Amezketarra (1981), and Kittano.


Death


Ormazabal died on 2 May 2010 in Zegama, Spain, after falling into a well. His body was found at the vent of the Oazurza tunnel on the Madrid-Irún railway line.[7][8]


Books


Translations


References


  1. Arranz, Iñaki (2006). Hitza azti: saiakera (in Basque). Alberdania. p. 275. ISBN 978-84-96310-71-1.
  2. "Ormazabal Berasategi, Joxean - Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopedia". Aunamendi.eusko-ikaskuntza.eus.
  3. ""Inoiz hostorik galdu ez duten ipuin eta abestiak"". Goierriko Hitza (in Basque). 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  4. "ORMAZABAL, Joxantonio. Basque Literature Portal". www.basqueliterature.com. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  5. "Toni und die Mondspinne: Eine Geschichte /". Worldcat.org. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  6. archyde (2020-04-30). "Joxantonio Ormazabal remembers the 10th anniversary of his death". Archyde. Retrieved 2020-11-29.
  7. País, El (4 May 2010). "Fallece el escritor Joxean Ormazabal al care a un Pozo en Zegama". El País. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  8. "Encuentran muerto en un pozo al escritor Joxantonio Ormazabal". El Diario Vasco (in European Spanish). 2010-05-03. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  9. Urbieta, Imanol ( 1934-) (2009), Urtxintxa abestiak, Ikastolen Elkartea, OCLC 920845278
  10. "Joxantonio Ormazabal". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2020-09-12.



На других языках


- [en] Joxantonio Ormazabal

[es] Joxantonio Ormazabal

Joxantonio Ormazabal Berasategi, también conocido como José Antonio Ormazabal Berasategi o Joxan (Cegama, 21 de julio de 1948 - Cegama, 2 de mayo de 2010), fue un escritor euskaldun. Trabajó en el ámbito de la literatura infantil en lengua vasca como escritor, traductor y editor literario.



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