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Naomi A. Klein (born May 8, 1970) is a Canadian author, social activist, and filmmaker known for her political analyses, support of ecofeminism, organized labour, left-wing politics and criticism of corporate globalization,[1] fascism, ecofascism[2] and capitalism.[3] As of 2021 she is Associate Professor, and Professor of Climate Justice at the University of British Columbia, co-directing a Centre for Climate Justice.[4]

Naomi Klein
Naomi Klein at Berkeley, California, September 2014.
Born (1970-05-08) May 8, 1970 (age 52)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
OccupationAuthor, activist, professor
Alma materUniversity of Toronto
SubjectAlter-globalization, anti-war, anti-globalization, anti-capitalism, organized labour, environmentalism, feminism,
Notable worksThis Changes Everything, No Logo, The Shock Doctrine
SpouseAvi Lewis

Klein first became known internationally for her alter-globalization book No Logo (1999). The Take (2004), a documentary film about Argentina's occupied factories, written by her and directed by her husband Avi Lewis, further increased her profile, while The Shock Doctrine (2007), a critical analysis of the history of neoliberal economics, solidified her standing as a prominent activist on the international stage. The Shock Doctrine was adapted into a six-minute companion film by Alfonso and Jonás Cuarón,[5] as well as a feature-length documentary by Michael Winterbottom.[6] Klein's This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate (2014) was a New York Times non-fiction bestseller and the winner of the Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction.[7]

In 2016, Klein was awarded the Sydney Peace Prize for her activism on climate justice.[8] Klein frequently appears on global and national lists of top influential thinkers, including the 2014 Thought Leaders ranking compiled by the Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute,[9] Prospect magazine's world thinkers 2014 poll,[10] and Maclean's 2014 Power List.[11] She was formerly a member of the board of directors of the climate activist group[12]


Naomi Klein was born in Montreal, Quebec, and brought up in a Jewish family with a history of peace activism. Her parents were self-described hippies[13] who emigrated from the United States in 1967 as war resisters to the Vietnam War.[14] Her mother, documentary film-maker Bonnie Sherr Klein, is best known for her anti-pornography film Not a Love Story.[15] Her father, Michael Klein, is a physician and a member of Physicians for Social Responsibility. Her brother, Seth Klein, is an author and the former director of the British Columbia office of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

Before World War II, her paternal grandparents were communists, but they began to turn against the Soviet Union after the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in 1939. In 1942, her grandfather, an animator at Disney, was fired after the 1941 strike,[16] and had to switch to working in a shipyard instead.[17] By 1956 they had abandoned communism. Klein's father grew up surrounded by ideas of social justice and racial equality, but found it "difficult and frightening to be the child of Communists", a so-called red diaper baby.[18]

Klein's husband, Avi Lewis, was born into a political and journalistic family. His grandfather, David Lewis, was an architect and leader of the federal New Democratic Party, while his father, Stephen Lewis, was a leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party.[19] Avi Lewis works as a TV journalist and documentary filmmaker. The couple's only child, son Toma, was born on June 13, 2012.[20]

Early life

Klein spent much of her teenage years in shopping malls, obsessed with designer labels.[21] As a child and teenager, she found it "very oppressive to have a very public feminist mother" and she rejected politics, instead embracing "full-on consumerism".[21]

She has attributed her change in worldview to two catalysts. One was when she was 17 and preparing for the University of Toronto, her mother had a stroke and became severely disabled.[22] Naomi, her father, and her brother took care of Bonnie through the period in hospital and at home, making educational sacrifices to do so.[22] That year off prevented her "from being such a brat".[21] The next year, after beginning her studies at the University of Toronto, the second catalyst occurred: the 1989 École Polytechnique massacre of female engineering students, which proved to be a wake-up call to feminism.[23]

Klein's writing career began with contributions to The Varsity, a student newspaper, where she served as editor-in-chief. After her third year at the University of Toronto, she dropped out of university to take a job at The Globe and Mail, followed by an editorship at This Magazine. In 1995, she returned to the University of Toronto with the intention of finishing her degree[18] but left University to pursue an internship in journalism before acquiring the final credits required to complete her degree.[24]


In 1999 Klein published the book No Logo, which for many became a manifesto of the anti-globalization movement. In it, she attacks brand-oriented consumer culture and the operations of large corporations. She also accuses several such corporations of unethically exploiting workers in the world's poorest countries in pursuit of greater profits. In this book, Klein criticized Nike so severely that Nike published a point-by-point response.[25] No Logo became an international bestseller, selling over one million copies in over 28 languages.[26]

Fences and Windows

Klein speaking in 2002
Klein speaking in 2002

Klein's Fences and Windows (2002) is a collection of her articles and speeches written on behalf of the anti-globalization movement (all proceeds from the book go to benefit activist organizations through The Fences and Windows Fund).[27]

The Take

The Take (2004), a documentary film collaboration by Klein and Lewis, concerns factory workers in Argentina who took over a closed plant and resumed production, operating as a collective. The first African screening was in the Kennedy Road shack settlement in the South African city of Durban, where the Abahlali baseMjondolo movement began.[28]

An article in Z Communications criticized The Take for its portrayal of the Argentine general and politician Juan Domingo Perón arguing that he was falsely portrayed as a social democrat.[29]

The Shock Doctrine

Klein's third book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, was published on September 4, 2007. The book argues that the free market policies of Nobel Laureate Milton Friedman and the Chicago School of Economics have risen to prominence in countries such as Chile, under Pinochet, Poland, Russia, under Yeltsin. The book also argues that policy initiatives (for instance, the privatization of Iraq's economy under the Coalition Provisional Authority) were rushed through while the citizens of these countries were in shock from disasters, upheavals, or invasion. The book became an international and New York Times bestseller[26] and was translated into 28 languages.[30]

Klein in 2008 with the Polish edition of Shock Doctrine
Klein in 2008 with the Polish edition of Shock Doctrine

Central to the book's thesis is the contention that those who wish to implement unpopular free market policies now routinely do so by taking advantage of certain features of the aftermath of major disasters, be they economic, political, military or natural. The suggestion is that when a society experiences a major 'shock' there is a widespread desire for a rapid and decisive response to correct the situation; this desire for bold and immediate action provides an opportunity for unscrupulous actors to implement policies which go far beyond a legitimate response to disaster. The book suggests that when the rush to act means the specifics of a response will go unscrutinized, that is the moment when unpopular and unrelated policies will intentionally be rushed into effect. The book appears to claim that these shocks are in some cases intentionally encouraged or even manufactured.

Klein identifies the "shock doctrine", elaborating on Joseph Schumpeter, as the latest in capitalism's phases of "creative destruction".[citation needed]

The Shock Doctrine was adapted into a short film of the same name, released onto YouTube.[31] The original is no longer available on the site, however, a duplicate was published in 2008.[32] The film was directed by Jonás Cuarón, produced and co-written by his father Alfonso Cuarón. The original video was viewed over one million times.[26]

The publication of The Shock Doctrine increased Klein's prominence, with The New Yorker judging her "the most visible and influential figure on the American left—what Howard Zinn and Noam Chomsky were thirty years ago." On February 24, 2009, the book was awarded the inaugural Warwick Prize for Writing from the University of Warwick in England. The prize carried a cash award of £50,000.

This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate

Klein's fourth book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate was published in September 2014.[33] The book puts forth the argument that the hegemony of neoliberal market fundamentalism is blocking any serious reforms to halt climate change and protect the environment.[34] Questioned about Klein's claim that capitalism and controlling climate change were incompatible, Benoit Blarel, manager of the Environment and Natural Resources global practice at the World Bank, said that the write-off of fossil fuels necessary to control climate change "will have a huge impact all over" and that the World Bank was "starting work on this".[35] The book won the 2014 Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction,[36] and was a shortlisted nominee for the 2015 Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing.[37]

No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump's Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need

Klein's fifth book, No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump's Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need was published in June 2017. It has also been published Internationally with the alternative subtitle Defeating the New Shock Politics.[38] Writing in Geographical, Chris Fitch described this book as arguing for "radical change, and for bold, ambitious policies, to provide a credible alternative to the world vision of the Trump White House, and avert the worst effects of climate change."[39]

The Battle for Paradise: Puerto Rico Takes on the Disaster Capitalists

Released in June 2018 as paperback and e-book, The Battle for Paradise: Puerto Rico Takes on the Disaster Capitalists covers what San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz refers to as the post-Hurricane Maria unmasked colonialism leading to inequality and "creating a fierce humanitarian crisis."[40]

On Fire: The (Burning) Case for a Green New Deal

In April 2019, Simon & Schuster announced they would be publishing Klein's seventh book, On Fire: The (Burning) Case for a Green New Deal, which was published on September 17, 2019.[41] On Fire is a collection of essays focusing on climate change and the urgent actions needed to preserve the world.[42] Klein relates her meeting with Greta Thunberg in the opening essay in which she discusses the entrance of young people into those speaking out for climate awareness and change. She supports the Green New Deal throughout the book and in the final essay she discusses the 2020 U.S. election stating: "The stakes of the election are almost unbearably high. It's why I wrote the book and decided to put it out now and why I'll be doing whatever I can to help push people toward supporting a candidate with the most ambitious Green New Deal platform—so that they win the primaries and then the general."[43][44]


Iraq War criticism

Klein has written about the Iraq War. In "Baghdad Year Zero" (Harper's Magazine, September 2004),[45] Klein argues that, contrary to popular belief, the George W. Bush administration did have a clear plan for post-invasion Iraq: to build a completely unconstrained free market economy. She describes plans to allow foreigners to extract wealth from Iraq and the methods used to achieve those goals.[46][47] Her "Baghdad Year Zero" was one of the inspirations for the 2008 film War, Inc.[48]

Klein's "Bring Najaf to New York" (The Nation, August 2004) argued that Muqtada Al Sadr's Mahdi Army "represents the overwhelmingly mainstream sentiment in Iraq" and that, if he were elected, "Sadr would try to turn Iraq into a theocracy like Iran," although his immediate demands were for "direct elections and an end to foreign occupation".[49] Marc Cooper, a former Nation columnist, attacked the assertion that Al Sadr represented mainstream Iraqi sentiment and that American forces had brought the war to the holy city of Najaf. "Klein should know better," he wrote. "All enemies of the U.S. occupation she opposes are not her friends. Or ours. Or those of the Iraqi people. I don't think that Mullah Al Sadr, in any case, is much desirous of support issuing from secular Jewish feminist-socialists."[50]


Klein signed a 2004 petition entitled "We would vote for Hugo Chávez".[citation needed] In 2007, she described Venezuela under the Chávez government as a country where "citizens had renewed their faith in the power of democracy to improve their lives," and described Venezuela as a place sheltered by Chávez's policies from the economic shocks produced by capitalism.[51] Rather, according to Klein, Chávez protected his country from financial crisis by building "a zone of relative economic calm and predictability."[51][52] According to reviewer Todd Gitlin, who described the overall argument of Klein's book The Shock Doctrine (2007) as "more right than wrong," Klein is "a romantic," who expected that the Chávez government would produce a bright future in which worker-controlled co-operatives would run the economy.[53] The Shock Doctrine was consistent with her prior thinking about globalization, and in that book she describes Chávez' policies as an example of public control of some sectors of the economy as protecting poor people from harm caused by globalization.[54] Mark Milke and conservative writer James Kirchick criticized Klein for her support of Chávez.[55][56]

Criticism of Israel

In March 2008, Klein was the keynote speaker at the first national conference of the Alliance of Concerned Jewish Canadians. In January 2009, during the Gaza War, Klein supported the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel, arguing that "the best strategy to end the increasingly bloody occupation is for Israel to become the target of the kind of global movement that put an end to apartheid in South Africa."[57]

In summer 2009, on the occasion of the publication of the Hebrew translation of her book The Shock Doctrine, Klein visited Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza, combining the promotion of her book and the BDS campaign. In an interview to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz she emphasized that it was important to her "not to boycott Israelis but rather to boycott the normalization of Israel and the conflict."[58] In a speech in Ramallah on June 27, she apologized to the Palestinians for not joining the BDS campaign earlier.[59] Her remarks, particularly that "[Some Jews] even think we get one get-away-with-genocide-free card" were characterized by Noam Schimmel, an op-ed columnist in The Jerusalem Post, as "violent" and "unethical", and as the "most perverse of aspersions on Jews, an age-old stereotype of Jews as intrinsically evil and malicious."[60]

Klein was also a spokesperson for the protest against the spotlight on Tel Aviv at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival, a spotlight that Klein said was a very selective and misleading portrait of Israel.[61]


Indeed the three policy pillars of the neoliberal age—privatization of the public sphere, deregulation of the corporate sector, and the lowering of income and corporate taxes, paid for with cuts to public spending—are each incompatible with many of the actions we must take to bring our emissions to safe levels. And together these pillars form an ideological wall that has blocked a serious response to climate change for decades.

Naomi Klein[62]

By 2009, Klein's attention had turned to environmentalism, with particular focus on climate change, the subject of her book This Changes Everything (2014).[63] According to her website in 2016, the book and its accompanying film (released in 2015) would be about "how the climate crisis can spur economic and political transformation."[64]

She served on the board of directors of the non-profit group from April 7, 2011,[65] through the fiscal year ending September 2018,[66] and took part in their "Do the Math" tour in 2013, encouraging a divestment movement.[67]

In an interview by Graeme Greene in New Internationalist, Klein rejected criticism that This Changes Everything politicized the climate issue and that the issue should be apolitical, asserting that such criticism reflected "how blind so many within the mainstream climate discussion are to the fact that they themselves are fully immersed within the confines of neoliberalism; ... It’s a fantasy that you could fundamentally shift the building blocks of your economy without engaging with politics."[68]

She encouraged the Occupy movement to join forces with the environmental movement, saying the financial crisis and the climate crisis are similarly rooted in unrestrained corporate greed.[69] She gave a speech at Occupy Wall Street where she described the world as "upside down", where we act as if "there is no end to what is actually finite—fossil fuels and the atmospheric space to absorb their emissions," and as if there are "limits to what is actually bountiful—the financial resources to build the kind of society we need."[70]


She has been a particularly vocal critic of the Athabasca oil sands in Alberta, describing it in a TED talk as a form of "terrestrial skinning."[71] On September 2, 2011, she attended the demonstration against the Keystone XL pipeline outside the White House and was arrested.[72] Klein celebrated Obama's decision to postpone a decision on the Keystone pipeline until 2013 pending an environmental review as a victory for the environmental movement.[69]

She attended the Copenhagen Climate Summit of 2009. She put the blame for the failure of Copenhagen on President Barack Obama,[73] and described her own country, Canada, as a "climate criminal."[74] She presented the Angry Mermaid Award (a satirical award designed to recognize the corporations who have best sabotaged the climate negotiations) to Monsanto.[75]

Writing in the wake of Hurricane Sandy, she warned that the climate crisis constitutes a massive opportunity for disaster capitalists and corporations seeking to profit from crisis. But equally, the climate crisis "can be a historic moment to usher in the next great wave of progressive change," or a so-called "People's Shock."[76]

In November 2016, following the election of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States, Klein called for an international campaign to impose economic sanctions on the United States if his administration refuses to abide by the terms of the Paris Agreement.[77]

Other activities

Klein speaking at Occupy Wall Street in 2011
Klein speaking at Occupy Wall Street in 2011

Klein contributes to The Nation, In These Times, The Globe and Mail, This Magazine, Harper's Magazine, and The Guardian, and is a senior contributor for The Intercept.[78] She is a former Miliband Fellow and lectured at the London School of Economics on the anti-globalization movement.[79] Her appointment as the inaugural Gloria Steinem Endowed Chair in Media, Culture and Feminist Studies at Rutgers University–New Brunswick began in October 2018 and runs for 3 years.[80] The position is funded by foundations, endowments and individuals.

Klein ranked 11th in an internet poll of the top global intellectuals of 2005, a list of the world's top 100 public intellectuals compiled by the Prospect magazine in conjunction with Foreign Policy magazine.[81] She was involved in 2010 G-20 Toronto summit protests, condemning police force and brutality. She spoke to a rally seeking the release of protesters in front of police headquarters on June 28, 2010.[82]

In October 2011, she visited Occupy Wall Street and gave a speech declaring the protest movement "the most important thing in the world".[83] On November 10, 2011, she participated in a panel discussion about the future of Occupy Wall Street with four other panelists, including Michael Moore, William Greider, and Rinku Sen, in which she stressed the crucial nature of the evolving movement.[84] Klein also made an appearance in the British radio show Desert Island Discs on BBC Radio 4 in 2017.[85]

Klein was a key instigator of the Leap Manifesto, a political manifesto issued in the context of the 2015 Canadian federal election focused on addressing the climate crisis through restructuring the Canadian economy and dealing with issues of income and wealth inequality, racism, and colonialism.[86] The manifesto has been noted as an influence in the development of the Green New Deal and eventually led to the establishment of The Leap, an organization that works to promote the realization of the principles behind the original manifesto.[87][88]

In November 2019, along with other public figures, Klein signed a letter supporting Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn describing him as "a beacon of hope in the struggle against emergent far-right nationalism, xenophobia and racism in much of the democratic world" and endorsed him in the 2019 UK general election.[89]

From 2018-2021 she took a three-year appointment as the Gloria Steinem Chair in Media, Culture, and Feminist Studies at Rutgers University.[80][90][91]

Honours and awards

List of works





See also


  1. "Commanding Heights : Naomi Klein | on PBS". Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  2. "Berkeley Talks transcript: Naomi Klein on eco-fascism and the Green New Deal". Berkeley News. March 27, 2020. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  3. Nineham, Chris (October 2007). "The Shock Doctrine". Socialist Review. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  4. "Naomi Klein".
  5. "Shock Doctrine: A Film by Alfonso Cuaron and Naomi Klein". The Guardian. September 7, 2007.
  6. Jones, Sam; "Naomi Klein disowns Winterbottom adaptation of Shock Doctrine", August 28, 2009
  7. "2014 Prize Winner". Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction.
  8. "Naomi Klein wins Sydney Peace Prize". SBS. May 14, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  9. "Thought Leaders 2014: the most influential thinkers". Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute. November 27, 2014.
  10. "World thinkers 2014: the results". Prospect. April 23, 2014.
  11. "The Maclean's Power List, Part 2". Maclean's. November 20, 2014.
  12. "Board of Directors".
  13. Klein, Naomi. No Logo (2000: Vintage Canada), pp. 143-4.
  14. "Video: Naomi Klein addresses the Department of Culture Town Hall". Department Of Culture. September 4, 2008. Archived from the original on April 28, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  15. "Biography of Bonnie Sherr Klein (*1941): Filmmaker, Author, Disability Rights Activist". Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010.
  16. Sito, Tom (July 19, 2005). "The Disney Strike of 1941: How It Changed Animation & Comics" (PDF). Animation World Magazine. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
  17. Adams, Tim (June 11, 2017). "Naomi Klein: 'Trump is an idiot, but don't underestimate how good he is at that'" via
  18. MacFarquhar, Larissa (December 8, 2008). "Outside Agitator: Naomi Klein and the New Left". The New Yorker.
  19. Gatehouse, Jonathon (April 12, 2016). "Avi Lewis on the 'ideological battle' over the Leap Manifesto". Maclean's. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  20. "Naomi Klein". Facebook. March 5, 2012.
  21. Viner, Katharine (September 23, 2000). "Hand-To-Brand-Combat: A Profile Of Naomi Klein". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  22. Klein, Bonnie Sherr (Spring 1993). "We are Who You are:Feminism and Disability". Abilities. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  23. "Naomi Klein: The Montreal Massacre". Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  24. Q&A Interview with Brian Lamb, on CSPAN, dated November 29, 2009, Klein Q&A interview and transcript
  25. "Nike's response to No Logo". Nike. March 8, 2000. Archived from the original on April 16, 2000.
  26. "Naomi Klein". The Nation. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  27. "Login to eResources, The University of Sydney Library" (PDF). Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  28. Phillips-Fein, Kim (May 10, 2005). "Seattle to Baghdad". n+1. Archived from the original on January 10, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  29. Morduchowicz, Daniel (September 20, 2004). "The Take". Z Space. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  30. "Author Spotlight: Naomi Klein". Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  31. "YouTube". Archived from the original on November 19, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  32. "The Shock Doctrine Naomi Klein and Alfonso Cuaron". YouTube. YouTube. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  33. "This Changes Everything". Penguin Books. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
  34. Rob Nixon (November 6, 2014). Naomi Klein's 'This Changes Everything'. The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  35. "Star pupil's performance casts doubt on green growth model". July 6, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  36. "Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction". Writers' Trust of Canada. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  37. "Shaughnessy Cohen Prize finalists announced". The Globe and Mail, January 27, 2015.
  38. Klein, Naomi (2017). No Is Not Enough. ISBN 978-1608468904.
  39. Fitch, Chris (August 2017). "Naomi Klein System Shock". Geographical. No. August 2017. p. 24-27.
  40. "The Battle For Paradise". Haymarket Books. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  41. Klein, Naomi (September 17, 2019). On Fire: The (Burning) Case for a Green New Deal. Simon & Schuster. p. 320. ISBN 978-1-9821-2991-0.
  42. Soloviy, Vitaliy (October 2, 2019). "How much more fire can we stand? asks Naomi Klein". Sustainability Times. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  43. Feeley, Lynne (September 10, 2019). "Naomi Klein Knows a Green New Deal Is Our Only Hope Against Climate Catastrophe". The Nation. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  44. Doctorow, Cory (September 19, 2019). "Review: Naomi Klein's 'On Fire' urges us to quit hitting the snooze button on climate change". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  45. Klein, Naomi (September 2004). "Baghdad year zero: Pillaging Iraq in pursuit of a neocon utopia". Harper's Magazine. The Harper's Magazine Foundation. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
  46. Klein, Naomi (October 13, 2004). "Broadcast Exclusive: James Baker's Double Life in Iraq: The Carlyle Group Stands to Make Killing on Iraqi Debt". Democracy Now! (Interview). Interviewed by Amy Goodman. Pacifica Radio. Archived from the original on October 13, 2004. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  47. Klein, Naomi (January 22, 2004). "The Persuaders: Interview Naomi Klein". PBS Frontline (Interview). PBS. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  48. Gilbey, Ryan (August 31, 2007). "I'm basically a brand (article about John Cusack's career)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  49. Klein, Naomi (August 26, 2004). "Bring Najaf to New York". The Nation. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  50. Cooper, Marc (August 27, 2004). "Najaf to New York? Better: New York to Najaf". Retrieved February 17, 2009.
  51. Klein, Naomi (2010). The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Henry Holt. pp. 566, 549. ISBN 978-1429919487.
  52. Klein, Naomi (November 8, 2007). "Latin America's Shock Resistance". The Nation. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  53. Gitlin, Todd (September 8, 2007). "First we take Chase Manhattan ...". Globe and Mail. ProQuest 383406476.
  54. Campbell, Leslie (November 2011). "Audacious Undertaking: Review of The Shock Doctrine". Literary Review of Canada.
  55. Kirchick, James (August 2, 2017). "Remember all those left-wing pundits who drooled over Venezuela?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  56. Milke, Mark (May 19, 2017). "Venezuela's collapse and the 'useful idiots' of the Canadian left". Maclean's. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  57. Klein, Naomi (January 10, 2009). "Enough. It's time for a boycott". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
  58. Feldman, Yotam (July 1, 2009). "Naomi Klein: Oppose the State, Not the People". Haaretz. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  59. Klein, Naomi (July 7, 2009). "Naomi Klein in Ramallah: I am ashamed that it took me this long". The Faster Times. Archived from the original on July 13, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
  60. Schimmel, Noam (July 18, 2009). "'The Jews' get-away-with-genocide-free-card'". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  61. Klein, Naomi (September 10, 2009). "We don't feel like celebrating with Israel this year". The Globe and Mail.
  62. This Changes Everything, pp. 72–73.
  63. "'My Fear is that Climate Change is the Biggest Crisis of All': Naomi Klein Warns Global Warming Could Be Exploited by Capitalism and Militarism", Democracy Now!, March 9, 2011.
  64. Meet Naomi Archived August 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Naomi Klein Official Web Site
  65. Klein, Naomi (April 7, 2011). "Joining The Next Phase". Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  66. "350 Org". ProPublica Nonprofit Explorer. May 9, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  67. "Naomi Klein does the math",
  68. Greene, Graeme; Klein, Naomi (November 2014). "Rocking the Boat". New Internationalist. p. 38-39.
  69. Naomi Klein: Obama's Delay of Keystone XL Oil Pipeline Decision is Win for Environmentalists. November 11, 2011. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  70. "Occupy Wall Street: The Most Important Thing in the World Now". The Nation. October 6, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  71. "Naomi Klein: Addicted to risk". Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  72. "Naomi Klein arrested at D.C. pipeline protest". September 2, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  73. "Copenhagen's failure belongs to Obama". The Guardian. December 21, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  74. "Naomi Klein Implicates Corporate Climate Lobbyists at COP15". YouTube. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  75. "Naomi Klein gives 'Angry Mermaid Award' in Copenhagen". YouTube. December 15, 2009. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  76. Klein, Naomi (November 5, 2012). "Superstorm Sandy - a People's Shock?". The Nation. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  77. "Naomi Klein on Twitter". Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  78. Reed, Betsy (February 13, 2017). "Naomi Klein to Cover Shocks of Trump Era for The Intercept". The Intercept. First Look Media. Retrieved February 15, 2017. I am extremely happy to announce that Naomi Klein has joined The Intercept as senior correspondent.
  79. "Visiting teaching fellows". London School of Economics and Political Science. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
  80. "Naomi Klein Named Rutgers' Inaugural Gloria Steinem Chair". Rutgers Today. September 11, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  81. "Intellectuals—the results". Prospect Magazine. Prospect Publishing Limited. July 26, 2008. Archived from the original on September 30, 2009.
  82. "Video: Naomi Klein to police: "Don't play public relations, do your goddamned job!"". and July 28, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
  83. Klein, Naomi (October 6, 2011). "Occupy Wall Street: The Most Important Thing in the World Now". The Nation. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  84. "Michael Moore, Naomi Klein and Others on What's Next for OWS". The Nation. November 9, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  85. "BBC Radio 4 - Desert Island Discs, Naomi Klein". BBC.
  86. Chen, Michael (September 15, 2015). "'Leap manifesto' backed by prominent NDPers, actors, activists calls for upending of capitalist system". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  87. Lukacs, Martin (2019). The Trudeau Formula: Seduction and Betrayal in an Age of Discontent. Montreal: Black Rose Books. p. 228. ISBN 9781551647487.
  88. Gobby, Jen (2020). More Powerful Together: Conversations with Climate Activists and Indigenous Land Defenders. Winnipeg: Fernwood Press. p. 11. ISBN 9781773632261.
  89. Neale, Matthew (November 16, 2019). "Exclusive: New letter supporting Jeremy Corbyn signed by Roger Waters, Robert Del Naja and more". NME. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  90. Klein, Naomi (September 12, 2018). "So excited to begin my new role at @RutgersU as the inaugural Gloria Steinem Endowed Chair in Media, Culture and Feminist Studies. Quite a moment to move to the US! Canadian friends: we're right next door..." Twitter. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  91. "Gloria Steinem Endowed Chair and Steinem Initiative".
  92. "Klein, Naomi | Social Justice Initiative | University of Illinois Chicago". Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  93. Bausells, Marta (December 15, 2014). "Readers' 10 best books of 2014". The Guardian. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  94. "Honourary Degrees to be Conferred on Sister Sandra Barrett, Naomi Klein and Brad Woodside at Spring Convocation on May 15". St. Thomas University. April 27, 2011. Archived from the original on October 17, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  95. Amsterdam, Universiteit van (June 11, 2018). "Eredoctoraat UvA voor intellectueel en activist Naomi Klein - Universiteit van Amsterdam". (in Dutch). Retrieved April 9, 2019.

External video
Naomi Klein on Global Neoliberalism on YouTube

На других языках

[de] Naomi Klein

Naomi Klein (* 8. Mai 1970 in Montreal) ist eine kanadische Journalistin, Kapitalismuskritikerin, Globalisierungskritikerin und politische Aktivistin.
- [en] Naomi Klein

[ru] Кляйн, Наоми

Наоми Кляйн (англ. Naomi Klein; 8 мая 1970, Монреаль, Канада) — канадская журналистка, писательница и социолог, одна из интеллектуальных лидеров альтерглобализма и критики неолиберального капитализма.

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